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Submissions should be made electronically through this website. Once submitted, the author can track the submission and communicate with the editors via the online journal management system.
Please ensure that you consider the following guidelines when preparing your manuscript. Failure to do so may delay processing your submission.
Use the Junctions Template to format your manuscript.
All word limits include endnotes and citations, and exclude the bibliography. All articles should be submitted in a word .doc or .docx file using the Junctions template.The template is available by clicking here.
The title page must include all of the below information about the author, in the same order. No further information should be included: Title (optional), Full author name(s), Affiliation(s) (institution and country), Corresponding author’s email address (other author email addresses are optional). Author names must include a forename and a surname. Forenames should preferably not include only initials.
Include an author biography of 35-50 words, written in third person and noting the author’s position, department, institution and main research interest.
Submit the title page in a seperate file during initial submission to ensure anonymity in the peer review process.
Research articles must have the main text prefaced by an abstract of no more than 300 words summarizing the main arguments and conclusions of the article. This must have the heading ‘Abstract’ and be easily identified from the start of the main text. The abstract should be self-contained, written in third person, and understandable by a general reader outside the context of the article.
A list of up to six key words should be placed below the abstract.
The Abstract and Keywords should also be added to the metadata when making the initial online submission.
The body of the submission should be structured in a logical and easy to follow manner. A clear introduction section should be given that allows non-specialists in the subject an understanding of the publication and a background of the issue(s) involved. Methods, results, discussion and conclusion sections may then follow to clearly detail the information and research being presented.
Up to three level headings may be present and must be clearly identifiable using different font sizes, bold or italics in line with the template of the journal.
Any acknowledgements must be headed and in a separate paragraph, placed after the main text but before the reference list.
Funding Information (optional)
Should the research have received a funding grant then the grant provider and grant number should be detailed.
If any of the authors have any competing interests then these must be declared. A short paragraph should be placed before the references. Guidelines for competing interests can be found here. If there are no competing interests to declare then the following statement should be present: The author(s) has/have no competing interests to declare.
A sentence or a short paragraph detailing the roles that each author held to contribute to the authorship of the submission. Individuals listed must fit within the definition of an author, as per our authorship guidelines.
All references cited within the submission must be listed at the end of the main text file.
Prepare for anonymous peer review in case of research article
Provide the title page in a separate file, omit the acknowlegdements and funding information, and replace all references to previous work by the author(s) with 'Author'. In case of co-authorship, replace the first and second author with 'Author1' and 'Author2' consistently throughout the text.
Exceptions for book reviews
For book reviews, no abstract is needed but keywords are required. The title page can be included in the inital submission because reviews are exempted from the double-blind peer review process. The end matter (acknowledgements, funding, conflict of interest) should be kept to a minimum.
For the submission title:
Capitalize all nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs and subordinate conjunctions (i.e. as, because, although). Use lowercase for all articles, coordinate conjunctions and prepositions.
Headings within the main text:
First level headings in the text should follow the same rule as the main title.
For lower-level subheadings, only capitalise first letter and proper nouns.
Headings should be under 75 characters.
Please see the Junctions template for the particular fonts.
When referring to proper nouns and normal institutional titles, the official, original spelling must be used.
The template of the journal should be used at all times, provided here. This may be changed during the typesetting process. In line with the template, the font should be Times New Roman 11pt. for the main text.
Underlined text should be avoided whenever possible.
Bold or italicized text to emphasize a point are permitted, although should be restricted to minimal occurrences to maximize their efficiency. All publication titles and non-English words (not in quotation marks) should be italicized.
Use bullet points to denote a list without hierarchy or order of value. If the list indicates a specific sequence then a numbered list must be used.
Lists should be used sparingly to maximise their impact.
‘Single quotation marks’ should be used, except in cases where one quotation is contained within another, then “double quotations marks” should be applied. Unless the punctuation is an integral part of the quotation, then it should be placed outside of the quotation marks. Titles of articles should be placed in ‘single quotation marks’.
Quotations must be exact. If the writer inserts/removes information or changes the tense, then square brackets must be used. The standard, non-italicized font must be used for all quotes unless words are italicized in the original text.
Quotations that are longer than three lines in length must be in an indented paragraph separate from the main text in a block quote without quotation marks (except for a “quote in quote”).
It must be clear from the text and/or citation where the quote is sourced. If quoting from material that is under copyright then permission will need to be obtained from the copyright holder.
Quotations can be in original language, but translations should be provided in the endnotes.
Acronyms & Abbreviations
With abbreviations, the crucial goal is to ensure that the reader – particularly one who may not be fully familiar with the topic or context being addressed – is able to follow along. Spell out almost all acronyms on first use, indicating the acronym in parentheses immediately thereafter. Use the acronym for all subsequent references.
A number of abbreviations are so common that they do not require the full text on the first instance. Examples of these can be found here.
Abbreviations should usually be in capital letters without full stops.
Common examples from Latin origin do not follow this rule and should be lower case and can include full stops.
Use of footnotes/endnotes
Use endnotes rather than footnotes (we refer to these as ‘Notes’ in the online publication). These will appear at the end of the main text, before ‘References’.
All notes should be used only where crucial clarifying information needs to be conveyed.
Avoid using notes for purposes of referencing, with in-text citations used instead. If in-text citations cannot be used, a source can be cited as part of a note.
Please insert the endnote marker after the end punctuation.
Symbols are permitted within the main text and datasets as long as they are commonly in use or have explanatory definition on their first usage.
Hyphenation, em and en dashes
There is no set rule on the use of hyphenation between words, as long as they are consistently used.
Em dashes should be used sparingly. If they are present, they should denote emphasis, change of thought or interruption to the main sentence and can replace commas, parentheses, colons or semicolons.
En dashes can be used to replace ‘to’ when indicating a range. No space should surround the dash.
For numbers zero to nine please spell the whole words. Please use figures for numbers 10 or higher.
We are happy for authors to use either words or figures to represent large whole figures (i.e. one million or 1,000,000) as long as the usage is consistent throughout the text.
If the sentence includes a series of numbers then figures must be used in each instance.
If the number appears as part of a dataset, in conjunction with a symbol or as part of a table then the figure must be used.
If a sentence starts with a number it must be spelt, or the sentence should be re-written so that it no longer starts with the number.
Do not use a comma for a decimal place.
Numbers that are less than zero must have ‘0’ precede the decimal point.
Days and months should be written in full. Centuries should also be written in full except when used as adjectives (e.g. twentieth-century Mongolia). Dates are expressed using the Common Era system, i.e. BCE and CE. If using the AH (Anno Hijra) dating system, or other non-CE dates, then the CE equivalents should be provided. Decades should be written as 1990s, not 1990’s. Percentages should be in figures and use the symbol %, with no space between figure and symbol (e.g. 38%). Units of measurement should be given in figures, with a space between the number and the unit (e.g. 80 km). Use the Metric system and the Celcius scale, and not the Imperial Standard System or Fahrenheit.
Figures, including graphs and diagrams, must be professionally and clearly presented. If a figure is not easy to understand or does not appear to be of a suitable quality, the editor may ask to re-render or omit it. We ask that authors make an effort to ensure uniformity of design with regard to tables and figures. All tables and figures must be cited within the main text, in consecutive order using Arabic numerals. In this label, 'Table' should be written in full, whereas illustrations should be labeled using 'Fig.' (e.g. Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Table 1, Table 2 etc.). Tables do not count toward the number of figures, nor do figures count toward the number of tables. Separated from this label by a hyphen, a brief elucidation of the data represented should be given, e.g.:
The reference within the text should ideally also serve to indicate the relevance of the object. For instance, a reference like 'as fig. 3 shows, there is no correlation between the hours of study and the average grade: no clear pattern emerges' is preferred over a reference like 'fig. 3 shows the correlation between the hours of study and the average grade of the students'.
Figures and illustrations can be represented in color, and should be provided in as high a definition as possible. The source of the image should be included, along with any relevant copyright information and a statement of authorization (if needed).
If your figure file includes text then please present the font in Times New Roman pt. 10. This will mean that it matches the typeset text.
NOTE: All figures must be uploaded separately as supplementary files during the submission process, if possible in color and at a resolution of at least 300dpi. Each file should not be more than 20MB. Standard formats accepted are: JPG, TIFF, GIF, PNG, EPS. For line drawings, please provide the original vector file (e.g. .ai, or .eps).
Tables must be created using a word processor's table function, not tabbed text.
Tables should be included in the manuscript and are best used to represent numerical data. More specifically, this type of representation should be used when the values within the table are relevant on their own, rather than a pattern shown by a set of values (which may be represented more clearly by a graph). The final layout will place the tables as close to their first citation as possible. Each column and row containing numerical values should be labeled.
Tables should not include: Rotaded text, color to denote meaning, images, and/or multiple parts.
NOTE: If there are more columns than can fit on a single page, then the table will be placed horizontally on the page. If it still can't fit horizontally on a page, the table will be broken into two.
The author is responsible for gaining the copyright permission by the original artist when reproducing figures or photographs. The original artist should always be named.
All articles should use the Chicago Author-Date Style. In this systems all citations should consist of two parts: the in-text citations, which consists of brief identifying information; and a reference list of all the sources used, placed at the end of the article and containing full bibliographic information. If a type of source is not given below, please consult the Chicago Manual of Style here before contacting the journal editors.
Every use of information from other sources must be cited in the text so that it is clear that external material has been used. The in-text citation consists of the author’s last name and the year of publication. For direct references and quotations, the page number(s) should also be given. Examples of in-text citations are given below.
Please do not include URLs in parenthetical citations, but rather cite the author or page title and include all details, including the URL, in the reference list.
All citations must be listed at the end of the text file, in alphabetical order of authors’ surnames.
All reading materials should be included in ‘References’ – works which have not been cited within the main text, but which the author wishes to share with the reader, must be cited as additional information in endnotes explaining the relevance of the work. This will ensure that all works within the reference list are cited within the text.
NOTE: If multiple works by the same author are being listed, please re-type the author’s name out for each entry, rather than using a long dash.
NOTE: DOIs should be included for all reference entries, where possible.
This journal uses the Chicago Author-Date system. The author’s last name should be written first, followed by the full first name, and the list should be in alphabetical order of author’s names. If there are multiple entries for a single author, then they should be listed in the chronological order that they were published assigning them with a lowercase letter starting with ‘a’ in line with the in-text references. If multiple works by the same author are being listed, please re-type the author’s name out for each entry, rather than using a long dash. In a reference list the date of publication should be the second element. Publication titles must be in italics. See below for examples of how to format:
Author, First Name. Year. Title. Place of publication: Publisher.
Hitchcock, William. I. 2004. The Struggle For Europe: The Turbulent History of a Divided Continent,1945 to the Present. New York: Anchor.
Hloušek, Vít and Lubomír Kopeček. 2010. Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared. Farnham: Ashgate.
Modood, Tariq, Anna Triandafyllidou and Ricard Zapata-Barrero, eds. 2006. Multiculturalism, Muslims and Citizenship: A European Approach. Oxon: Routledge.
Group or Corporate Author:
Global Environment Coordination. 1994. Facing the Global Environment Challenge: A Progress Report on World Bank Global Environmental Operations. Washington, DC: Global Environment Coordination Division, Environment Dept., The World Bank.
Chapter or essay in book:
Kastoryano, Riva. 2006. ‘French Secularism and Islam: France’s Headscarf Affair.’ In Multiculturalism, Muslims and Citizenship: A European Approach, eds. Tariq Modood, Anna Triandafyllidou and Ricard Zapata-Barrero, 57-69. Oxon: Routledge.
Author, First Name. Year. Title. Journal name, vol (issue): pages. DOI.
Hitchcock, Tim. 2013. ‘Confronting the Digital. Or: How Academic Writing Lost the Plot.’ Cultural and Social History 10: 9-23.
Moretti, Franco and Dominic Pestre. 2015. ‘Bankspeak: The Language of World Bank Reports.’ New Left Review 92: 75-99.
NOTE: Please include DOIs for all journal articles where possible.
Adelman, Rachel. 2009. '"Such Stuff as Dreams Are Made On": God's Footstool in the Aramaic Targumim and Midrashic Tradition.' Paper presented at the annual meeting for the Society of Biblical Literature, New Orleans, November 21-24.
Article in Newspaper:
It is preferable to include the citation in the running text. The author should make an effort to cite the original author of the newspaper articles cited. If not possible, the newspaper should be cited as author. A reference list citation must be added as follows:
Krugman, Paul. 2016. ‘Crazy About Money.’ New York Times, March 25, sec. A.
The URL should be provided for e-journal collections and full-text databases and cited as a journal. For webpages, the author should make an effort to cite the original author of the content. If this is not possible, the reference should cite the website name as author, or the collective if applicable. Webpages should be cited as follows:
Author, First Name. Year. 'Title.' Website Name, Month Day. URL.
Audiovisual material can be cited in author-date format. Offline and older sources on outdated media are likely to be consulted in the form of a digital copy; though authors should cite the format consulted, it is generally useful to give information about the original source. The date of the original recording should be privileged in the citation. The original artist or director should be named in place of the author and is a matter of authorial discretion.
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.